Embezzlement’s optimal solution that needs to be sincerely applied in Africa

Embezzlement is an act withholding assets for the purpose of conversion (theft) of such assets, by one or more persons to whom the assets were entrusted, either to be held or to be used for specific purposes – WikiPedia

Embezzlement is a cancer-worm that plagues basically every nation in the world. The effects are heavier on some countries/continents (notably Africa) than on others. You will be surprised to realize how dishonesty causes the interruption of execution procedures setup to recover from some of the alleged cases. Africa has the highest rate of non-recovery from such situations than any other continent in the world. The effect of such an act has a ripple effect whose multiplier effect can cause great loss to certain sectors of the economy. The effects can be from a few people becoming unemployed overnight to entire enterprises collapsing and governments toppling.

Most often we hear of embezzlement cases where the perpetrators are said to end in prison but without any further details as to the recovery of the alleged assets/funds stolen. Even information as to the dissipation of the assets/funds involved are not usually disclosed.

Imprisonment without further action has little impact on the perpetrator but rather is a cost on the given government when carrying out the activity. The optimal solution therefore is the seizure of all assets/funds of the perpetrator that sums up to the tune of the totality of the assets/funds embezzled  plus damage fees evaluated by experts to have caused the state/institution in question. Consideration may be allowed for the recovery of these resources over a strict period of time if a jail term isn’t given, but the rule must be applied to completion. The perpetrator should not be allowed to be set on any post of responsibility which grants him/her access to a threshold magnitude of management and in fact should be imposed the status of an ex-convict which will automatically restrict access to certain positions in any given institution. With such a legislation in place, i believe cases can be handled more credibly and institutions can recover faster from such malpractices. The issue is not that such an approach hasn’t been envisaged or conceived, but again it is due to the selfishness and dishonesty of those in the position to apply the rules. Private institutions need a more stronger and reliable handler to handle such cases within environment and not always have to lookup to government handler.

WebHosting – Shared Hosting VS VPS deep down.

Web Hosting is something that has become mainstream in society today. Every web developer, no matter the skillset or technology  needs to host his application at some point in time whether to test, run a prototype or even go on production. Most often we look for an optimal solution and usually find that, getting hosting via well-established providers is the best option or at least more convinient and cheaper. One could as well setup his own server and register to become a stand alone service provider, but this would take much time. We definitely don’t always have the luxery of time and so go ahead with ready made services already available and gaining popularity. Different hosting providers provide hosting services at varied costs with a host of service ranges. All the technical details about a given package are not always elaborated early enough so developers may realise at one point in time that their packages don’t offer certain required services for their application. This can be frustrating atimes and just need package upgrading or host change. Every hosting service provider needs to provide customer support via a live handler to be the most efficient and competitive on the market. Users should be able to request full details of the given package before purchase which is currently not available from all the hosting providers i have had a chance to go through. Hosting providers do have contact numbers or emails given the number of clients they may have to respond to. However, responding in real-time is key. Two commonly used packages for clients are Shared Hosting (SH) and VPS (Virtual Private Server).  SH is mostly used to host small websites like blogs, showcasings, personal websites, magasines, product directories. VPS are used for much larger and more intense websites like social webapplications, gaming sites, dating sites, search engines, streaming websites, basically heavy multimedia content sites , e-commerce sites etc. VPS allows users in some cases to customize right upto the operating system clients may want to use. SH are bound only to use the servers provided with minimal configuration. VPS can allow users to install third party softwares and to be able to configure them at ease. Providing information about the various capabilities to potential users is very important for their integration process. Users need to be able to understand completely the requirements of their application inorder to choose a hosting provider that meets their needs. This decision partly relies on what information the hosting providers provide for their potential clients.  Generally people will go for VPS due to the flexibility of their applications and complex nature in it’s deployment and resource availability to run seamlessly for their own clients. SH will be suitable for small footprint applications requiring minimal resources and minimal personal intervention on the issued server’s configuration. SSL certificates are also another thing which are configured differently for VPS and SH. SSL certificates can be acquired from a CA but they work differently on SH and on VPS. [See your provider for more details about ssl on your hosting package].  Other useful features for developers in a hosting package are;

  • ftp
  • ssh
  • domain transfer
  • cpanel

A particular attention should be paid to the capabilites of SSH in SH vs VPS particulary the unavailability of a root account in the SH environment. The root account or a basic account for the VPS permits access to high level operational commands like whois, telnet, which, sudo etc. These are absent for SH environment. The functionalities are limited in SH than in VPS for ssh. ftp configuration and the rest function similarly for both hosting packages.

It is worth considering this fact and choosing very carefully for the most optimal package before hosting your applications. Some popular hosting providers include

Godaddy

Hosting24

Hostmonster

SiteGround

Popularity sometimes leads to low quality of service or customer support. Do well to evaluate your options before engaging a hosting package with the given provider.

measure twice, cut once. – unknown